Review by other authorities
Research into gene therapy or with medicinal products which contain GMOs must be reviewed by various authorities in the Netherlands. This type of research falls under the definition of research with a medicinal product and must undergo a marginal review by the competent authority, in this case the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport.
Besides this, a license is needed for activities with GMOs on the grounds of the Decree genetically modified organisms environmental management (Besluit genetisch gemodificeerde organismen milieubeheer, in Dutch). The Bureau Genetically Modified Organisms (Bureau GGO, in Dutch) is reponsible or the issuing of licences for activities with GMOs which have to be reviewed on the risks to humans and the environment. This is carried out under the authority of the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, which carries final responsibility.